Article 3115

Title of the article

MINING AND METALLURGICAL BRANCHES OF INDUSTRY
IN THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA (1904–1917) 

Authors

Peretokin Andrey Gennadievich, Candidate of historical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of study of Ukraine, Transdnieper State Academy of Architecture and Construction (24A Chernyshevskogo street, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine), peretok@ukr.net

Index UDK

94: 622 (477.6) ,,1904/1917”

Abstract

Background. The necessity of the detailed studying of the historical experience of the economic industrial development of the South of Russia after the world crisis of 1900–1903 is caused by the modern development of the industry with its rises and crises. The aim of the work is to analyze the influence of the political events on the development of the mining and metallurgical branches of the industry in the South of Russia.
Materials and methods. Realization of the research objectives was achieved through the usage of documents retrieved from the collection of the State Archives of Dnepropetrovsk Region and also through studying the materials of the branch technical press published in Khar’kov and Yekaterinoslav (the journals «Gornozavodskoy listok» and «Gornozavodskoe delo»). The methodological potential included the comparative historical method that enabled to compare the state of economic and industrial development of the South of Russia in different years; the statistical method which was used for the analysis of the data related to changes in coal output and production of the metallurgical industry.
Results. The author researched the development of the mining and metallurgical branches of the industry in the South of Russia after the economic and industrial crisis of 1900–1903; analyzed the influence of the important political events in the Russian empire in 1904–1917 on the development of the mining and metallurgical branches of the industry; defined the development peculiarities of these branches of the industry during certain periods.
Conclusions. The analysis of the development process of the mining and metallurgical branches of the industry in the South of Russia after the world economic and industrial crisis of 1900–1903 allows to define main trends of development which were rather high but were lowered periodically under the influence of important political events shaking the Russian empire during those years. The tsarist government supported the concentration process of the mining and metallurgical branches of the industry, promoted the railway and river transport, paid attention to solving some professional and social problems.

Key words

mining branch, metallurgical branch, the South of Russia, concetration process, branch press.

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References

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Дата создания: 10.07.2015 09:56
Дата обновления: 17.07.2015 08:41